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IOCs

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Stealer
Type
ex-USSR
Origin
1 February, 2019
First seen
20 May, 2024
Last seen
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer

How to analyze Raccoon with ANY.RUN

Type
ex-USSR
Origin
1 February, 2019
First seen
20 May, 2024
Last seen

IOCs

IP addresses
193.222.96.7
94.142.138.147
185.193.125.199
194.87.31.58
5.78.80.43
5.78.81.39
157.90.161.111
89.23.107.183
93.115.22.159
93.115.22.165
Hashes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mehranschool.org
URLs
http://193.142.147.59:80/
http://195.20.16.155:80/
http://192.227.94.170:80/
http://89.238.170.230:80/
http://91.107.239.231:80/
http://46.151.31.26:80/
http://82.146.45.177:80/
http://193.233.132.204:80/
http://45.153.230.5/
http://5.252.23.112/
http://94.131.106.24:80/
http://195.20.16.127:80/
http://195.2.81.45:80/
http://193.222.96.7:8787/
http://41.216.183.87:80/
http://45.14.244.72:80/
http://194.116.173.154:80/
http://185.16.39.253:80/
http://195.20.16.226:80/
http://62.113.114.93:80/
Last Seen at

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Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard, helped make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions like RedLine and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There are also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest using a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus depending on the configuration enabled by an attacker, can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers' server.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully by customizing its configurations effortlessly. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

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Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. The identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common account, leaving the project, and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

Read a detailed analysis of Raccoon Stealer 2.0 in our blog.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer-type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our analysis case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from browsers and the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Probably the same C&C server it was built in. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon stealer distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels like browsers, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. Attackers can even manage campaign configurations via the control panel. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either the "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program like Ursnif or Hawkeye, Raccoon sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use, and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with the ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

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