Ursnif

Ursnif is a banking Trojan that usually infects corporate victims. It is based on an old malware but was substantially updated over the years and became quite powerful. Today Ursnif is one of the most widely spread banking Trojans in the world.

Type
Trojan
Origin
Unknown
First seen
1 January, 2014
Last seen
16 April, 2021
Also known as
Gozi
Dreambot
ISFB
Global rank
6
Week rank
13
Month rank
9
IOCs
12556

What is Ursnif malware?

Ursnif, also known as Gozi is one of the most widely spread banking trojans – it is aimed at stealing banking credentials and usually targets corporate victims. The malware was developed based on the leaked source code of a fairly old Gozi-ISFB trojan.

The trojan has been registered for the first time in 2014 when Gozi-ISFB code got leaked. Since then, Ursnif has been evolving and becoming more powerful, which lead it to become one of the top used banking trojans today.

General description of Ursnif

Ursnif Trojan is a dangerous malware that can collect system activity of the victims, record keystrokes, as well as keep track of network traffic and browser activity. The malware stores the data in an archive before sending it to the C2.

The malware uses malicious Microsoft Office documents to get into the users’ machine and requires macros to be activated. Once opened, the document will prompt the user into enabling macros. If the user plays along with the instruction, the malware drops a VB script into the temp directory of the current user, upon which it is automatically decoded and the malicious payload is downloaded.

Some versions of Ursnif contain a macro that is programmed to check the country using the Application. International MS Office property. If the result does not correspond to a list of pre-selected countries, the malware terminates its execution.

Interestingly, the malware terminates execution if it detects that it’s being launched on a virtual machine. This precaution is implemented by hackers in order to complicate the analysis process and, hopefully, prevent the effective development of countermeasures.

Ursnif malware analysis

A video available at ANY.RUN malware analysis service allows us to see a simulation of the malware execution in a lot of detail.

ursnif gozi dreambot execution graph Figure 1: A visual process graph generated by ANY.RUN shows the lifecycle of Urnsnif

How to avoid infection by Ursnif?

The best way to stay safe from Ursnif is to make sure to keep the macros turned off and definitely not turn them on if prompted by a Microsoft Office file which was downloaded from an untrustworthy source, such as an email from the unknown sender. Following good practices as of staying safe online such as not downloading files from suspicious emails is another great way to avoid infection.

Ursnif execution process

In the case of our simulation, the execution of the malware starts when the user opens a Word or Excel file and enables the macro.

Ursnif trojan uses exploits to start legitimate software like Outlook which in turn launches cmd.exe only to spawn PowerShell. If a strike is directed at select countries, the malware checks where the victim is from during this stage. Then, PowerShell downloads and executes the final payload which is Ursnif itself. Lastly, Ursnif starts malicious activities and injects its code into the explorer.exe process.

After installation, the malware will try to inject into an active explorer.exe process to establish persistence. If the injection fails, Ursnif will launch a new svchost.exe process and inject into it instead. After that, Ursnif will proceed to hook the APIs of common web browsers such as Chrome, Opera, Internet Explorer, and Firefox. Then, the malware will begin monitoring web activity and steal the payment information as soon as the victim visits a banking or a payment webpage.

Communication with C&C

In order to prevent domain name disclosure, the malware generates the domain names locally using the Domain Generation Algorithm (DGA) instead of them being hardcoded. Uniquely, the malware gathers information for domain name generation in the DGA process by taking bits of text from popular websites.

The malware is also known to be able to execute commands received from the control server.

How to detect Ursnif using ANY.RUN?

Ursnif uses COM objects to execute the malware's payload and usually, it runs multiple iexplorer.exe processes. Knowing this information you can take a look at the process tree after a while during execution and easily determine either sample is Ursnif or not.

ursnif process tree Figure 2: Ursnif process tree

Conclusion

Being based on the source code of another malware which is already almost a decade old, Ursnif is a prime example of the fact that when it comes to trojans “old”, does not mean ineffective.

On the contrary, despite its age, this malware is capable of launching devastating cyber attacks and managed to become one of the most popular banking trojans in the world. In addition to its powerful trojan functionality, Ursnif takes active actions in order to prevent researchers from studying it. Thankfully, malware hunting services like ANY.RUN allows researchers to study this malware in-depth and respond with appropriate countermeasures.

IOCs

IP addresses
35.205.61.67
13.248.148.254
185.53.179.7
198.54.117.217
204.11.56.48
209.51.188.148
198.54.117.197
54.38.220.85
74.220.199.6
198.54.117.244
76.223.26.96
162.255.119.93
198.54.117.215
87.119.100.220
65.75.118.204
81.17.18.194
104.215.148.63
13.77.161.179
198.54.117.212
206.191.152.37
Hashes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www.aromatools.co
customwastereceptacles.com
www.themekiller.me
connex.tcslandg.net
api.likeandpay.ru
www.vadim.solutions
body-bg.com
wp-bg.com
www.fatlinesites.com
point.orangeiloveyou.com
web.stati.bid
intohave.com
tangotangocash.com
login.windows.net
to4karu.ru
compendiate.net
grab-indonesia.com
www.orcus.one
boatshowradio.com
psoeiras.net

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