Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
2 August, 2021
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
31
Week rank
27
Month rank
31
IOCs
1653

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard, helped make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There are also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest using a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus depending on the configuration enabled by an attacker, can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers' server.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully by customizing its configurations effortlessly. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. The identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common account, leaving the project, and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer-type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our analysis case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from browsers and the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Probably the same C&C server it was built in. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon stealer distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels like browsers, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. Attackers can even manage campaign configurations via the control panel. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either the "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use, and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with the ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
185.234.247.148
104.21.66.99
185.234.247.75
172.67.158.196
34.141.84.7
172.67.136.143
185.234.247.50
104.21.64.146
188.119.112.73
94.228.114.197
34.88.33.218
34.89.184.90
172.67.185.212
104.21.59.243
172.67.208.20
35.246.139.134
35.246.76.29
35.205.249.65
176.123.2.93
172.67.197.203
Hashes
a4bad40f6d7c48e8e824534d17504b1797cc9e9293ac02ce0dfbc3f24de3e836
fe19953fa73480f26d90f259d58c971eea3ad61cac7b15782c6648cc106cab29
7c5382a166fdf0e59d2dbad83c15cf55f58dfb102ad300f0e976926fe3536c42
2cb6f7d2025433a11bca3f95e0c96b6ff73668d5038cadb8b10850f2dca06355
214701ab0a4b8589212eb4fcd2870f8b795ce9be588a138d7219c1e2c49a588b
ab4554366f37456ac0115a7df3b4114711fb8310ccc5754bfa10c474a0453210
d61aa30773692c8573e9f1fa776ba99eeb89800bde45663582ee2d3bec5ceb70
7d488eb1040f11cfdf31e5cc017f253bc9050bae1cfd474492018c314504c9bd
7f74f36952503e1686edd46a2987fd0a540f18cccc9732e9814620983b2df7b8
f3c782516d2484e862ebfbdb2044e368e697a8a3301c49c02a1309d8a7e991e8
628b4702ec504acdae6f8eb78816b8d9018709a86f4c802d1cd83acb55653b52
c3da65fded89c1b6e0ea8ed263eb3f381e374389de6617ba3f21165ab1cf005d
e7712697b1259ff1a3f8cbfa6435c069b4127af3316ea52aa740d5ae8cf2bd4b
951f38e2f0055d88433a7e1ef25d7394b34c0e7e036e990a07e97f422000d9a7
88cc29efc27c983a785fb665f9a55b1c03846f2a9cdc5db48c7b0bf9a4317e37
a0c654e839bf2c531403b01515b0c464c0a3e5881879a11fe535e5f5fa382e1b
1b8a0ec3d3a8adeba4c71d3c5290da0b519966059a68d526a066c6f6d45214cd
eec717d51d1ff0b030d06044f4377bff362c75e4fc7b89dad08c3410d71fba5d
88b149d93a7d463f5e604235060c0701037195551715e0f5298a81d2f6c5436a
f60210bd49575cf497ce40cdfea1470d4c1dd334dba4d0ef22a0845f2a8593c5
Domains
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
majul.com
isns.net
elx01.knas.systems
xsharenode.com
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
vcctggqm3t.dattolocal.net
ticket.ipv10.eu
3jkpvk2m8y.dattolocal.net
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
p3.adhitzads.com
qxq.ddns.net
genericalphabet.top
stockme.top
attentionmagnet.top
gimmegimmejimmy.top
lodddd01.info

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