Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
23 October, 2021
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
21
Week rank
10
Month rank
10
IOCs
2923

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard, helped make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There are also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest using a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus depending on the configuration enabled by an attacker, can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers' server.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully by customizing its configurations effortlessly. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. The identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common account, leaving the project, and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer-type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our analysis case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from browsers and the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Probably the same C&C server it was built in. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon stealer distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels like browsers, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. Attackers can even manage campaign configurations via the control panel. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either the "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use, and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with the ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
172.67.190.94
91.219.236.49
104.21.57.122
172.67.199.58
172.67.169.213
104.21.79.96
172.67.143.100
185.163.45.162
185.163.204.33
104.21.26.237
172.67.168.153
5.181.156.229
185.163.45.42
104.21.47.202
104.21.59.243
178.23.190.242
172.67.203.151
194.180.174.104
91.219.236.103
172.67.142.109
Hashes
c37215ff4f8dedf3bf5b83352ddd973b153c3164af4b490ce9ccb678ddee1f38
bd02d8259e6ffaf7160ff60d30ede602f8f28dc9a8320518c30f7444c0b02b76
93f2e76594887185995773388580a5108aa4b986d66522ad009aadcf1f0e38d4
e73bc08a3ddf513ec49281f3a1dd6d4b76667ba86a4216163ad725cfb589036b
f3be725453067dd4fd33c93d841f8bc707334cad295708f36319294405066346
fe5baacf899eaf4343aaf323af83d76f1d7b6a0c565826338cc46635118e2d9c
1954364c0d440619ed56fdb0259b9972eac5fc5083353475251cd48e978dfe76
6e3bc87fc1b2c194b77971c6c3a14f5ea8d460a580840f0b13c91b5775b9c8f0
5af7521fb73a917f9bccb36e23d89965998663e8297ef5d8b178dd7913fc145d
83c225bba2b0e6fa6edd504ffce62cb9e16d7d74d0ea0e8e661d2f27c4debdba
5d1b978e6d2896796f0f63043ecaa1748c1c7245ccda02115afc5594e3f5e3b1
f40722d55fe3ed8382cb5e812528f89ca45cd701a1b129f8b4acf1afa6e12cf7
6bcc7454ec09c093b8b54b6e8ee47b05af068b0f60541dc0ddfb9f0787fe79f5
e28a6d3bdcfdad9ff4c37e6c22c1a52018e5076ec65b128614bcf0e8eb711171
08da5cf46e7f11c5b3d86501fd09f2df5b0c855c35d5b8b075fb5b3d173eead4
c32f5200f37e2dbefddd2865acddc79540bdaf5e9ec12cf08451c08c6bccef68
005be81f9fc86e3ee25d53d514c1a543b4f2791d5afdb764be5ca16378134f38
97dbb2b9d161dd2b5f26eb48acef6ef70701b75a75b2d281e3dbb7fd946de319
cc98ee14bc8504ed2dae9d010c7f209775de51f9f31086814e2fb6b42baa7cb5
175857c3f9480499cf56d30f394f885d51ac9ef05bbc1d6bd86d3b4af393c261
Domains
telegin.top
streamsthunder.tv
widget.streamsthunder.tv
traffplay.club
skechboy.com
isns.net
qxq.ddns.net
telegka.top
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
majul.com
thuocnam.tk
vcctggqm3t.dattolocal.net
telegatt.top
elx01.knas.systems
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
p3.adhitzads.com
ticket.ipv10.eu

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