Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
19 January, 2021
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
31
Week rank
27
Month rank
31
IOCs
692

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this to be a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard helped to make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest to use a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. Identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common-account, leaving the project and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon malware execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon malware distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with an ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
104.21.64.146
104.21.47.202
104.31.71.209
104.31.71.209
172.67.168.56
172.67.167.27
172.67.166.210
172.67.203.151
104.24.100.218
104.24.101.218
172.67.208.20
104.18.52.69
172.67.143.117
172.67.143.117
104.27.132.115
104.27.132.115
104.27.133.115
104.27.133.115
172.67.197.203
172.67.197.203
Hashes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isns.net
majul.com
elx01.knas.systems
qxq.ddns.net
puffpuffpuff419.top
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
verystrongdmn.top
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
havalpartsch.top
netcine.info
new.controledeindicacoes.com.br
trashbininspector.fun
cdc.stkip-andi-matappa.ac.id
rxetdm1ia2r.fertinix.buzz
bk.stkip-andi-matappa.ac.id
tracer2.stkip-andi-matappa.ac.id

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