Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
15 April, 2021
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
31
Week rank
27
Month rank
31
IOCs
924

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this to be a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard helped to make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest to use a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. Identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common-account, leaving the project and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon malware execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon malware distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with an ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
104.21.66.99
195.54.33.200
66.248.206.71
185.234.247.219
172.67.158.196
81.2.253.71
74.119.195.168
74.119.195.166
45.139.187.144
185.66.13.246
91.200.41.42
35.246.139.134
45.139.236.23
45.14.227.30
188.119.112.113
45.139.236.6
45.139.236.6
193.38.55.33
172.67.158.196
104.21.66.99
Hashes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majul.com
xsharenode.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
elx01.knas.systems
whatsthescore.top
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
isns.net
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
gclean.in
belochkaneprihoditodna.top
p3.adhitzads.com
lomhasnopryiyome.top
shehootastayonwhatshelirned.top
lifemaindecision.top
tastytofutempura.top
qxq.ddns.net
duckduckstop.top

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