Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
5 October, 2022
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
18
Week rank
8
Month rank
7
IOCs
3975

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard, helped make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions like RedLine and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There are also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest using a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus depending on the configuration enabled by an attacker, can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers' server.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully by customizing its configurations effortlessly. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. The identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common account, leaving the project, and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer-type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our analysis case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from browsers and the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Probably the same C&C server it was built in. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon stealer distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels like browsers, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. Attackers can even manage campaign configurations via the control panel. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either the "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program like Ursnif or Hawkeye, Raccoon sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use, and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with the ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
5.252.177.20
213.252.244.167
5.182.39.77
206.188.196.121
213.252.244.230
88.119.171.225
89.208.103.4
167.235.234.131
194.104.136.99
193.43.146.80
45.142.214.212
45.67.228.8
78.159.103.214
78.159.103.196
62.113.255.110
93.185.166.43
77.91.102.246
135.181.147.255
5.182.36.232
193.43.146.214
Hashes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vidstream.pro
p3.adhitzads.com
frederikkempe.com
majul.com
elx01.knas.systems
nemty10.hk
telegka.top
telegatt.top
www.amazon-check.ga
www.yahoo-corporation.ml
vcctggqm3t.dattolocal.net
ticket.ipv10.eu
3jkpvk2m8y.dattolocal.net
isns.net
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
lalabanda.com
njxyro.ddns.net

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