Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
11 July, 2020
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
33
Week rank
19
Month rank
20
IOCs
491

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this to be a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard helped to make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest to use a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. Identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common-account, leaving the project and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon malware execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon malware distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with an ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
35.242.170.60
35.242.211.57
35.198.88.195
45.32.241.182
34.89.152.210
34.65.10.107
34.90.25.161
35.228.130.137
34.107.55.124
35.226.139.169
35.228.95.80
34.107.22.206
34.105.129.68
35.242.210.233
34.89.229.7
34.89.229.7
31.10.5.15
34.105.219.83
34.105.219.83
34.107.4.68
Hashes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isns.net
majul.com
elx01.knas.systems
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
qxq.ddns.net
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
raccoon-gate.site

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