Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
30 March, 2020
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
31
Week rank
19
Month rank
20
IOCs
104

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this to be a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard helped to make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest to use a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. Identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common-account, leaving the project and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon malware execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon malware distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with an ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
34.76.242.200
34.77.125.60
35.228.60.178
34.77.119.120
34.76.15.247
35.198.141.56
35.228.134.218
35.228.28.245
35.228.121.96
35.197.207.160
35.205.213.237
35.205.213.237
35.228.134.218
35.246.80.69
35.240.77.90
34.65.176.45
34.90.199.36
35.228.248.113
104.155.44.42
35.228.57.136
Hashes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majul.com
elx01.knas.systems
isns.net
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
raccoon-gate.site

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