Raccoon

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Type
Stealer
Origin
ex-USSR
First seen
1 February, 2019
Last seen
13 October, 2020
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer
Global rank
31
Week rank
16
Month rank
19
IOCs
590

Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this to be a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard helped to make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest to use a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. Identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common-account, leaving the project and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon malware execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon malware distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program it sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with an ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

IOCs

IP addresses
161.117.254.2
47.241.7.226
35.228.134.218
145.14.157.20
145.14.157.20
47.245.136.23
34.76.242.200
35.228.58.123
8.208.80.1
34.89.241.53
185.212.148.63
34.105.147.92
34.65.231.1
34.89.215.215
34.89.12.233
35.189.97.63
34.91.128.108
35.242.192.194
34.65.10.107
78.141.215.0
Hashes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elx01.knas.systems
isns.net
majul.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
booking.msg.bluhotels.com
krupskaya.com
m-onetrading-jp.com
thuocnam.tk
qxq.ddns.net
192-168-100-87.abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz012345.plex.direct
rsttrs.site
cnmotoparts.online
carserviceno1.top
chinadevmonster.top
git-secure-service.in
raccoon-gate.site

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