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IOCs

Raccoon is an info stealer type malware available as a Malware as a Service. It can be obtained for a subscription and costs $200 per month. Raccoon malware has already infected over 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses on the underground forums in 2019.

Stealer
Type
ex-USSR
Origin
1 February, 2019
First seen
18 June, 2024
Last seen
Also known as
Mohazo
Racealer

How to analyze Raccoon with ANY.RUN

Type
ex-USSR
Origin
1 February, 2019
First seen
18 June, 2024
Last seen

IOCs

IP addresses
93.115.22.159
93.115.22.165
193.222.96.7
94.142.138.147
185.193.125.199
194.87.31.58
5.78.80.43
5.78.81.39
157.90.161.111
89.23.107.183
Hashes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mehranschool.org
URLs
http://45.14.244.72:80/
http://82.146.45.177:80/
http://193.142.147.59:80/
http://195.20.16.155:80/
http://192.227.94.170:80/
http://89.238.170.230:80/
http://91.107.239.231:80/
http://46.151.31.26:80/
http://193.233.132.204:80/
http://45.153.230.5/
http://5.252.23.112/
http://94.131.106.24:80/
http://195.20.16.127:80/
http://195.2.81.45:80/
http://193.222.96.7:8787/
http://41.216.183.87:80/
http://194.116.173.154:80/
http://185.16.39.253:80/
http://195.20.16.226:80/
http://62.113.114.93:80/
Last Seen at

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Raccoon is an information stealer malware — a virus that threat actors use to retrieve sensitive data from infected machines. Also known as Mohazo and Racealer, this is a modern malware that was first sighted in 2019.

Although some consider this a relatively basic malware, excellent service from creators, who distribute it as malware as a service and a user-friendly, simplistic dashboard, helped make Raccoon quite popular. In fact, the malware has already managed to infect upwards of 100,000 devices and became one of the most mentioned viruses in hacker communities.

General description of Raccoon malware

Raccoon malware comes with fairly basic info stealer functions like RedLine and by itself lacks any kind of antivirus protection. There are also no functions that would complicate the analysis of the malware. However, Raccoon developers do suggest using a third-party crypter.

When it comes to the core functionality this virus depending on the configuration enabled by an attacker, can check system settings, capture screenshots, collect basic information like OS version, IP and username and steal passwords and logins from a variety of browsers. On top of that, the stealer can retrieve information from Microsoft Outlook as well as steal cryptocurrency wallets.

When the data collection process ends the data is packed into a .ZIP archive that is then sent to the attackers' server.

The functions described above are rather basic, however, reportedly excellent service provided by the malware creators helped make this virus quite popular. The team behind this virus pushes out constant improvements and fixes based on user feedback.

By providing an easy-to-use dashboard Raccoon developers ensured that even non-technically savvy attackers can operate this malware successfully by customizing its configurations effortlessly. Hundreds of thousands of infected victims in a matter of months since the malware’s release is the result.

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Speaking of the team behind Raccoon. The identities of the people behind this virus are a mystery, but some known members of the hacker community are known to have connections with this virus. Evidence suggests that one of the people behind Raccoon is known in the online community as glad0ff. A long known hacker who is responsible for the development of multiple malicious programs like crypto miners and RATs.

However, he does not seem to be working alone as some information about the disputes within the team has been leaked online. For instance, in one message an individual accuses someone-else from the of stealing from a common account, leaving the project, and attempting to scam customers.

There is also reason to believe that Raccoon was developed by Russian-speaking hackers. This is suggested by mistakes in the English language found in the control panel as well as the fact that the malware stops execution if it detects that the victim is from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan. In addition, technical support is available in Russian and English languages, which also points to a potential x-USSR origin of the attackers.

Raccoon malware analysis

A video available in the ANY.RUN malware hunting service shows how a machine gets infected with Raccoon in real-time.

Read a detailed analysis of Raccoon Stealer 2.0 in our blog.

raccoon_process_graph

Figure 1: Here we can see the execution process of Raccoon. This graph was created in ANY.RUN.

racoon_text_report

Figure 2: Shows a text report that can help collect data about the malware execution in one place or make a presentation.

Raccoon execution process

Since Raccoon malware is a pretty standard example of a stealer-type malware, its execution process does not exactly stand out. In our analysis case, after the malware made its way into the infected system (does not matter which delivery method it would use) it downloaded additional modules from the Internet. These modules are mostly DLL dependencies which Raccoon requires to work correctly. After that, the malware began stealing information from browsers and the system and stored stolen data in an archive file. The file, in turn, was sent to the C2 server. Probably the same C&C server it was built in. Note that some versions of the Raccoon malware delete themselves after execution while others don't.

Raccoon stealer distribution

Raccoon stealer malware is distributed using multiple channels like browsers, however, the most popular destruction method is through the use of exploit kits. Attackers can even manage campaign configurations via the control panel. The malware utilizes mainly the Fallout exploit kit. This delivery method makes it possible for the infection to occur even without active user interaction — victims get infected while simply surfing the web.

The malware also makes its way to victim’s PCs Microsoft Office document attachments that are being distributed in mail spam campaigns. The contaminated document contains a macro that downloads the malware when enabled.

In addition, hackers have set up a Dropbox account where the malware is stored inside a .IMG file. Attackers use social engineering to trick victims into opening a malicious URL and download the infected file.

Finally, the last distribution method is “bundled malware”. When users download real software from suspicious websites sometimes Raccoon comes as an unwanted part of the package bundled with the legitimate program.

How to detect Raccoon using ANY.RUN?

Some malware creates files in which it named itself. You can find such info about Raccoon malware trojan using ANY.RUN's "Static Discovering". Open either the "Files" tab in the lower part of the task's window or click on the process and then on the button "More Info" in the appeared window. After that, all you need to do is just click on the file.

raccoon_static_discovering

Conclusion

While Raccoon malware is not a very technically advanced malicious program like Ursnif or Hawkeye, Raccoon sure made a lot of noise in the underground community in 2019, when it was first released. Available as a service for $200 per month, it came equipped with everything necessary to start a malware attack. And if a customer couldn’t do it on their own, they could always get support from the team behind this malware.

In fact, underground forums are filled with raving feedback about the excellent work of Raccoon support staff. Some even say that they were treated like real VIPs.

Developers have also shown that they are capable of rolling out updates very quietly and promise to upgrade the malware with Keylogger functionality in the near future.

While technical simplicity makes this threat relatively easy to defend against at the moment, growing popularity, extreme ease of use, and potential future improvement certainly suggest that this malware can become a big phenomenon. Some even say that Raccoon will replace Azorult.

ANY.RUN malware hunting service provides researchers with the ability to study samples of Raccoon in a controlled interactive environment and learn as much as possible about this malware. Hopefully, together we will neutralize or at least medicate the fallout from this and other cybersecurity threats.

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