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Amadey

22
Global rank
13 infographic chevron month
Month rank
13 infographic chevron week
Week rank
2786
IOCs

Amadey is a formidable Windows infostealer threat, characterized by its persistence mechanisms, modular design, and ability to execute various malicious tasks.

Infostealer
Type
Likely ex-USSR
Origin
13 October, 2018
First seen
14 July, 2024
Last seen
Also known as
Amadey Bot

How to analyze Amadey with ANY.RUN

Infostealer
Type
Likely ex-USSR
Origin
13 October, 2018
First seen
14 July, 2024
Last seen

IOCs

IP addresses
95.86.21.52
213.6.54.58
201.119.15.212
45.155.7.60
187.140.86.116
109.73.242.14
187.134.87.130
95.154.196.56
5.42.78.22
181.230.206.248
189.143.158.99
183.100.39.157
190.219.153.101
179.43.155.195
79.137.205.112
193.106.175.148
104.47.53.36
187.204.8.141
201.124.98.97
60.246.82.1
Hashes
8132d0d47fa20295db07285e67427ab58f549ebd7c67d3caa7b43009d0410e80
31fcc145a7951bdb76f7635a0b7bb4ca6649fd8b2e6d5a166dfac138a71200bc
1ee1af8c502f735b25ac8897db327366e6855fc6f1baaca80d6ac8effe616ab4
2260d1b05abe62e94794dfc3d91d34d4751c6ccbdd450c2d3bbf01cb1aa31eec
f5aa7480889a53eca382a8947c97744fe962f85b9c7bd459bb60303f0aa3078e
3141087bc31d396d4151e1bf8b61254374b503faefe444f17316ac40ba5c845b
39a5de74cb6a87c849ac4d30e9902368f6638f27b98149b13ee8c6e6c4dd646f
37871b995f539f5792036f32e95ee9b480957bddcbf57605d39dc1be2e9ae275
8a9dda4423be29f85da1210beb83aab506609b9c03fcefd7bf022bd97823a808
b8df7f85014ca1cd332cb971f07e4f78356e9d8c55cfcda3d88ea3c82806c555
de411240e92c8173c2a0426b76bf9e215efb3ff0667fdd5450a5653ea4284014
c9857abb97c35dcba1a740d982e11f09bd8e47c4e40826f8ae8051f06e109449
39d0a7b27123f65256ea7976a60e10131f81b4b2fe19d6ca13f4f95b9fb73201
075238d5a3e282a5ec47a615ba3c2aaec2ea60370f9819595358321107134230
a0e50f0ac1b7a14679bd135bfb0fbd2ba78757ea7488150fce69162ece59e3e7
52c13bbeeea4b188bbe98ae34def236f3f64e4b4d45b1a2118e21239dc47a60f
371c1e62cbc18626b2cc6ba6893b71e9a9d945fc5391b5b85ee4ff2b7500f11e
1fb2e848188b19f262e131fe524d450413b8e739c50c252a40291e6434bf396b
15cf0701c4ab0329e6a24dac1a331beaa3314d616386bad8f526d8c492192e35
4fdd5a61bfcdd6b7ae051750b79f133d59f23bdd7d2ebfcdf4c18880ce42cb08
Domains
naver-download.com
fighiting1013.org
cdnhongkong.cc
downloaddining.com
zi-1.icu
downloadfilesoft.com
gucciai.net
filesoftdownload.com
o7labs.top
ahorros.space
vt-ne.com
asdasdwqrweerwfa.top
globalsystemperu.com
host-file-host8.com
host-file-host6.com
v-chek.in
di-1.icu
nudump.com
selltix.org
otyt.ru
URLs
http://77.91.77.82/Hun4Ko/index.php
http://185.172.128.116/Mb3GvQs8/index.php
http://77.91.77.81/Kiru9gu/index.php
http://downloaddining.com/h9fmdW5/index.php
http://downloaddining2.com/h9fmdW6/index.php
http://downloaddining3.com/h9fmdW7/index.php
http://77.91.77.81/lend/leg222.exe
http://185.172.128.5/v8sjh3hs8/index.php
http://77.91.77.82/tonik/voda.exe
http://89.23.103.42/hb9IvshS02/index.php
http://77.91.124.1/theme/index.php
http://77.91.77.81/lend/build16666.exe
http://185.172.128.116/FirstZ.exe
http://185.172.128.116/buildj.exe
http://185.172.128.116/Freshbuild.exe
http://77.91.77.81/lend/stealc_zov.exe
http://77.91.77.81/soka/random.exe
http://77.91.77.81/lend/newbuild07.exe
http://77.91.77.81/lend/potkmdaw.exe
http://77.91.77.81/mine/amadka.exe
Last Seen at
Last Seen at

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What is Amadey malware

First seen about 5 years ago, Amadey is a modular bot that enables it to act as a loader or infostealer. It is designed to perform a range of malicious activities, including reconnaissance, data exfiltration, and loading additional payloads, which range from banking trojans to DDoS tools. It targets all versions of Microsoft Windows.

This malware’s capabilities include:

  • Privilege escalation
  • UAC bypassing
  • Keystroke logging
  • Screen capture
  • Downloading additional malware

While many adversaries primarily use this malware as a keylogger to steal credentials, it can also transform infected devices into spam email senders or add them to a botnet that adversaries use to launch DDoS attacks.

However, that’s not everything this threat is capable of. Owing to its modular design, Amadey can significantly expand its range of attack targets, enabling the extraction of a broader variety of information, such as files, login credentials, and cryptocurrency wallets.

Furthermore, current Amadey variants can recognize more than 14 antivirus solutions. This ability allows the malware to intelligently deploy a payload designed to evade the specific antivirus product installed on the compromised device.

In addition, this malware can move laterally, propagating to devices within the same network by pushing EternalBlue exploit onto victims. Although outdated, EternalBlue remains relevant, especially in public sectors like government and education, where end-of-life software usage is widespread.

As for the origin of this threat, little is known at this point. Older activity associated it with GandCrab campaigns, which might connect Amadey to the REvil gang or one of their affiliates. Additionally, Amadey is distributed on Slavic-speaking underground forums, which possibly places its origin in one of the ex-USSR territories.

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How to get more information from Amadey malware

In ANY.RUN, users can safely detonate Amadey samples and analyze it dynamically in a fully interactive cloud sandbox. Our service automatically collects and displays the execution data in user-friendly formats, such as this process graph.

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amadey Figure 1: A graph showing Amadey’s execution process

ANY.RUN detects Amadey using Suricata rules, allowing analysts to identify both new and old samples from this family. We also provide configuration details. This way, analysts can access important sample information like its version, options, and C2 addresses. The configuration is typically extracted within the first 10 seconds of launching a task. This ensures quick access to information.

amadey malware Figure 2: Amadey’s malware configuration

Amadey infostealer execution process

Once, when Amadey initiates its execution, the malware duplicates itself into a TEMP folder (sometimes naming itself bguuwe.exe). Following that, it modifies the Registry and creates a scheduled task to achieve persistence. Subsequently, Amadey sets up C2 communication and transmits a system profile to the adversary's server. While active, Amadey takes screenshots at regular intervals and stores them in the TEMP directory, ready to be transmitted to the C2 server with subsequent POST requests.

Amadey often serves as a loader for other malicious programs, such as in this task.

Also, Amadey has a very specific structure of POST requests, that can be used to identify it with a high degree of probability:

Figure 3: Information about infected machine, exfiltrated by Amadey and sent to C2 amadey malware

Distribution of Amadey

Amadey primarily relies on spear-phishing emails containing malicious attachments, such as Microsoft Office documents, to target specific organizations or individuals. The email content is carefully crafted to appear legitimate, enticing the victim to open the attachment.

Alternatively, Amadey can employ exploit kits (Fallout and Rig), drive-by downloads, or be dropped as a payload by other malware (in recent cases it was distributed by SmokeLoader).

Amadey malware conclusion

Amadey malware presents a notable challenge for cybersecurity researchers. Its persistence and evasion techniques, coupled with a highly customizable modular architecture, make it a high-level threat. Understanding its various infection vectors, exploitation methods, and malicious activities is essential to develop effective countermeasures and improve our overall cybersecurity posture.

You can efficiently detect and examine threats such as Amadey, with the help of ANY.RUN interactive sandbox, which provides analysis results in minutes.

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